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Are You Doing Everything a Project Manager Should?

How to be a Project Manager

Most of the articles on this website are highly practical. They are about how to ‘do’ Project Management. But it seems time to write something a little different… Perhaps something a little more thoughtful. I have been considering what it takes to be a Project Manager.

Personality Traits of a Project Manager

Personality is a funny thing. Some aspects seem to be fixed through our lives, while others seem to emerge and evolve. Some people are well-suited to be a Project Manager. Others want to be a Project Manager. So they work hard to acquire the traits they need. Therefore, you can easily think of how to be a Project Manager as a set of personality traits. There is another perspective, however…

Things to Do to be a Project Manager

We are the sum of our habits. The things we do often enough make us into the people we are. And others around us see us the way they see us because we do the things what we do. And, if you do something often enough it starts to become a habit. So you can acquire many of the personality traits of a Project Manager, simply by doing what Project Managers do.

But I do want to make one important point. The way you do the things a project manager does is entirely a matter of personal style. Or perhaps it is a matter of your underlying personality. Either way, though, there is plenty of room for you to do things the way you choose and still be a successful Project Manager. In an organization that does a lot of projects, the diversity of styles among its Project Managers is one of the best ways to guarantee that its people will have the best possible chance of learning well.

How to be a Project Manager

How to be a Project Manager

So, Are you Doing Everything a Project Manager Should?

Let’s get down to detail. What do you need to do, to be a Project Manager? I will start with the most obvious things. These are the traits or actions that most easily come to mind. But then we’ll move onto some of the things that can really make a difference. And I don’t mean a difference between a ‘bad’ Project Manager and a ‘good’ one. I mean the difference between:

  • someone who is trying to do projects, and
  • a Project Manager for whom Projects are the way you do things.

The Obvious

So, my first four traits are almost the defining features of a Project Manager. They are the things I would expect to come up most often, if this were a survey question – especially among less-experienced Project Managers. But just because they are obvious, it does not mean they are any less important. Indeed, they are fundamental.

Focus on Progress

If you are a Project Manager, you must see it as your mission in life to get stuff done. Project Managers see the world as a set of inter-connected tasks – often with deadlines. And what matters above all is doing them. Not just that, though, but doing them on schedule, on budget, and to specification.

If you are a Project Manager, you must see it as your mission in life to get stuff done. #PM Click To Tweet


Another aspect of the core Project Manager mindset is planning. We don’t dive in feet first without thinking through what we want to happen, and how we plan to make it happen. As a Project Manager, planning will be a step in everything you do. It will start to come as naturally as breathing. You will also start to get better at anticipating what may happen next, which brings us nicely on to the next trait…

Risk Awareness

Project Managers are naturally risk-aware. It isn’t that they like risk any more than other people. And neither is it that they are more risk averse. It is simply that, as a Project Manager, you will find yourself thinking in terms of risks, and how to handle them. Risk management is a sub-discipline of Project Management and one that will come easily to you, as a Project Manager. You will find yourself:

  • spotting risks,
  • weighing them up,
  • coming up with plans and strategies

and, at your best…

  • taking proacative steps to handle the risks.


A Project Manager needs to juggle multiple things. But this is not the same as multi-tasking. You do not want to try to do two or more things at the same time. What you need to be able to do is hold a mass of inter-connected tasks in your mind, and swap from one to another effectively. To do this, I find it easiest to think of having a number of different hats to wear. You can only wear one hat at a time, and you need to actively change hats to take on a new task. This means you will always be aware what task you are focusing on.

A Project Manager needs to juggle multiple things. But this is not the same as multi-tasking. #PM Click To Tweet

The Essential Extras

The next four characteristics of being a Project Manager are not quite as obvious as the first four. But I would like to think that many new Project Managers would spot them and see how essential they are to your role.


Project Managers need to be generous with your time. People are the essential component of a Project, and if you do not make time to listen, understand, and influence people, your projects will fail. You also need to make time for your immediate team members. Because a big part of your role is to motivate them, to encourage and support them, and to help them learn and develop through their roles on your project. When this starts to come more naturally to you, you will start to see a big shift in how easy it is to manage your projects.


A Project Manager knows that projects don’t just happen in a random, haphazard way. They need to follow a process. This is what makes the job of Project Management effective, repeatable, and professional. You will find yourself first understanding intuitively how the project process works. Then you will start to use it easily, and eventually, it will become second-nature. Everything you do will follow a basic project process of:

  • Defining what you need to do
  • Planning how you will do it
  • Getting it done
  • Finishing off in an orderly way


Whether you call it enthusiasm or boundless energy, there is something about a true Project Manager that makes them keep on going when others find their energy is starting to flag. I think there are two components to this. First, Project manager seem to have a lot of physical and mental stamina. They can motivate themselves to keep on going, through the tiredness and tedium. But perhaps more important is the second thing. They can find their motivation. They can see what the project is for and generate an enthusiasm to complete it. Indeed, for many Project Managers, the achievement of finishing tasks is motivating.

For many Project Managers, the achievement of finishing tasks is motivating #PM Click To Tweet


A closely related trait is determination, or resilience. This goes further than having the energy and enthusiasm to carry on. It is about the ability to summon that up in the face of setbacks and adversity. It is pretty easy to keep going when everything happens the way you want it. But when things go wrong, that will test your character. Will you just give up? Or will you get yourself together and look for a new route through?

The Extras that Create the shift

The final four traits are not obvious, until someone points them out to you. And then, you realize: ‘yes, of course!‘ What they do is create the shift from playing with projects to being a Project Manager. For me, it is about identity. Are you someone who does projects? In which case, maybe you don’t need to work on these. Or are you a Project Manager? In this case, you need these four. They are the four things that create the shift to being a Project Manager.


A Project Manager notices things. They can see the big picture and grasp the whole of a large and complex project. But, at the same time, they can also notice – and care about – the tiny details. If you know that the details matter you may just make a Project Manager. So, do you have a habit of spotting small mistakes and those little things that are as easy to fix s to leave  alone? And maybe you are also like me… I have a compulsion to point them out, or even do something about them.

Are you like me? I have a compulsion to point out small errors, or even do something about them. #PM Click To Tweet


Some people are naturally good at this – others of us have to train ourselves. A Project Manager needs to be able to stay calm under pressure. When there is a lot going on around you. When there is a crisis and things are changing rapidly. Or when everyone needs your attention. Can you stay cool and make a careful response? Can you prioritize among competing demands and make swift but reliable decisions? All this is important in Project Management.


There are two reasons why a Project Manager needs to be optimistic. The first is so you can keep going when setbacks strike. But frankly, determination can achieve that, even if you are starting to believe that all is lost. It’s the second one that matters most. Both optimism and pessimism are contagious. People will take their emotional cues from you, so being optimistic will help others around you to stay positive when you most need it. And there is a bonus too: we like optimistic people. We identify them as charismatic and influential. Who wouldn’t want a bit of that? Eeyores, on the other hand… Nobody really enjoys being around them.

Optimism and pessimism are contagious. People will take their emotional cues from the #PM Click To Tweet


The last trait I want to identify is curiosity. A Project Manager needs to keep on learning and adapting. And you cannot do that unless you are insatiably curious. Our organizations are changing and so too are there needs. Project Management methodologies are evolving, and the kinds of projects we are called upon to deliver are changing. If you are not committed to continuous professional development (CPD) then someone else will learn what you don’t know and be able to do your job better than you can. Lifelong learning isn’t a luxury for a Project Manager, it needs to be a way of life.

What have I missed

This survey is a personal perspective on how to be a Project Manager. It isn’t intended as a step-by-step, ‘do this’ type of article, like Ten Critical Things to Learn about Project Management. Neither is it a set of essential rules. Rather it is a set of traits to develop. And of course, once you have developed them, then you can turn your attention to becoming a good Project Manager.

For the full range of skills, please do take a look at all of our core Project Management courses.

But before you look at some of our other articles, are there any essential traits you think I’ve missed? If so, use the comments below to let me know and I promise to respond.


About the Author Mike Clayton

Dr Mike Clayton is one of the most successful and in-demand project management trainers in the UK. He is author of 14 best-selling books, including four about project management. He is also a prolific blogger and contributor to and Project, the journal of the Association for Project Management. Between 1990 and 2002, Mike was a successful project manager, leading large project teams and delivering complex projects. In 2016, Mike launched OnlinePMCourses.

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  • Mike Clayton says:

    Credit goes to John da Silva for pointing out an unfortunate typo in this blog – which I fixed immediately! Thank you, John.

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