Of all the questions I get asked in live project management training, one is the most frequent. 'Should I get a Project Management qualification?'
Unfortunately, this simple question to ask is far from easy to answer. Because there are many different scenarios - each with their own answer.
In this article, I want to break down the question into those scenarios, to help you decide whether you should get a Project Management Qualification?
The first question we need to address is 'which Project Management qualification are we talking about?' There is a lot of choice.
So, we'll start by breaking your choice down into some major categories:
The three primary examples are those on offer from:
These are Bachelors level degrees in Project Management. They are usually 3 or 4 years and designed for post 18 year students after school. They balance an academic curriculum with practical experience, and most include Project Management in a wider curriculum: either business or a topic like construction or surveying.
These are courses for graduates that look at project management in depth. The main options are:
PRINCE2 is the UK Government's preferred methodology for Project Management, and is supported by its own qualifications. It is designed for - an mainly used in - the public sector. There is also a suite of other methodologies with their own certification programs. These are all currently owned by Axelos and administered by licensed training providers. These include:
Agile is an approach to Project Management. There are free-standing qualifications for some of the specific Agile and Agile-related methodologies, like Scrum and Lean. There are also Agile certification courses on offer from:
As you can see, there are a lot of specific cases to consider, even before we get to the details of your own circumstances.
Let's start of with some principles...
How should you make a decision about whether to get a Project Management qualification? And if so, which one?
The answer is simple. We have a suitable methodology as a part of our PM toolkit...
It's all about pros and cons. Securing a Project Management qualification will take you time and cost you money. So, what are the benefits you will get in return?
The first question to ask yourself is: 'why do I want a qualification?'
There are some people who like qualifications for the sake of having them. They want letters after their name, for the perceived status and prestige. There's nothing wrong with this, but I have to wonder: 'so what?'
Once you have those letters, what would you do with them?
If this is you, you are probably after the most qualifications for the least effort. So, I'd recommend foundation level qualifications, like:
These are all widely recognised entry-level Project Management qualifications. Each is a good qualification. But, because they are entry-level, the time, cost and study requirements are lower than for their 'senior' partner qualifications.
At the other end of the spectrum, some people value the learning the'll gain. It's the joy of knowledge and understanding that motivates them pure and simple.
If this is you, then your choice may be tough, but the strategy is easy to articulate. Look at what each course covers and find the one that offers you the most interesting syllabus. Choose one that will take your thinking to a new level, or in a new direction. If you are a 'traditional' Project Manager, look at Agile for something new, or maybe M_o_R (Management of Risk) for a new depth.
Also, if this is you, you are more likely to be attracted to an academic route of a higher degree. Nothing will feed your love of learning more than that.
Ah, now here's a reason. More pragmatic than pure love of learning, but not as 'mercenary' as wanting to help your career (which we'll look at next). For you, the question to ask is: 'What aspect of Project Management do you want to be better at?'
If it is across-the-board capabilities you are after, you are likely to want one of the high level professional association qualifications, like PMI's PMP, or APM's PMQ. In their respective communities, these are seen as a solid syllabus leading to a worthwhile professional accreditation.
If you already have one of these, or you are experienced and well-respected, then you still have plenty of choices. You are most likely to be attracted to a specific methodology that will take your practice further. Above, I've listed the Project Management qualifications Axelos offer, in a suite of project related best practices. Both PMI and APM have their own additional qualifications.
These are IPMA's highest internationally recognised qualifications in project, programme and portfolio management.
The APM is the UK member of the International Project Management Association (IPMA). This is the global professional body for project, program and portfolio management. All of the APM's Project Management qualifications conform to their four-tier certification system.
Do you work outside the UK and where PMI is not the dominant professional body? If so, look for a local professional body that offers IPMA standard in PM qualifications. These will then meet globally consistent standards.
Here's where you need to do a wider spread of research. Because you are looking for a return on your investment, you need to understand more than what you get from the course, and what it costs. You need to understand your target job market. This will depend on questions like:
Where you plan to work
For example, in the UK, APM qualifications may be more useful than PMI, and PRNCE2 may be of more value than elsewhere. In the US, PRINCE2 is rarely known at all, while it is well-used in Commonwealth countries like Australia, and in Gulf states.
What sort of organizations?
For example, international or US-based organizations will see the PMI's qualifications as the gold-dstandard, and public sector organizations are more likely to value PRINCE2 than the private sector.
What industry sector?
Once again, public sector suggests PRINCE2 will be of value. The IT sector will be more keen on Agile Project Management qualifications, but they will be of little value in construction, where traditional PMI, APM, or IAPM qualifications will be better.
Most important is to learn from recruiters. Look at company web pages and speak with recruitment consultants about their local market. Speak with people at your target employers if you can. The more market intelligence you can gain, he more robust your decision will be.
The other question to ask is this...
A Jump Start
If you want to get a jump-start, you may consider an undergraduate degree that has a Project Management element to it. Post-degree, work to one of the foundation level basic qualifications:
Getting a Job
In a crowded job market, a Project Management qualification can get your CV to the top of a pile (or prevent it being 'filed' too soon. That said, there are likely to be more Project Management jobs globally than capable Project Managers soon. And to get the best roles, experience and track record are likely to be the biggest differentiators.
I'd suggest that, if you are aiming for a generic Project Management job, with a company's recruitment team doing the main work on the search, then a qualification will help. But, if you are going for a particular post to deliver a specific project... Then they are more likely to be interested in relevant experience.
Getting a Promotion
Some employers do link promotions and particular salary bands or grades to qualifications. If that's the case for you, the choice is easy. But few do. Most will promote on capability. And a good Project management qualification is only one indicator. Your track record will be far more important.
The professional associations claim their qualification will earn you more money. The PMPs suggest a 20 per cent increase. Here is another example of an article that suggests PMP can give you a 10-20 per cent salary bump. Once again, examine the market where you are (or hope to be).
In this section, we'll go through the five types of qualification and see who each one can best serve.
These Project Management qualifications are best if you want a long-term career as a professional Project Manager. They give you:
But they do require:
The PMI's PMP qualification is probably the strongest all-round Project Management qualification. It is demanding and robust. And it is recognised globally.
This is ideal if you are a school-leaver or looking to retrain and have not yet had a university education. If you already know that Project management is what you want to do, then you can look for a course that includes it.
There are relatively few first degrees with Project Management as the major focus (and in their tittle). But there are plenty that include it in a broader curriculum. This latter is, to my mind, an advantage. At a younger age, keeping your options open with a wider range of learning is a good thing. Research the university courses in your country, and maybe speak with a representative of your local Project Management professional association.
The advantages are:
But, be aware:
These take a lot of commitment, and rarely repay their investment in salary bumps. For that, try an MBA. That said, there are some MBAs that do have a strong Project Management component. They are worth investigating.
The primary reason for taking a higher degree is the love of learning. However, a well-chosen Master's degree can be a trigger for a promotion or an access key to a next-tier job role.
And reasons not to:
These are all good quality Project management qualifications. But many of them are written with a strong focus on the needs of the UK public sector. Yes, they do apply elsewhere (sector-wise and geographically). But they are less well-known and therefore likely to have a smaller impact on your career.
If you want a career that includes managing substantial UK public sector projects, you need PRINCE2. And likewise MSP (Managing Successful Programmes) and MoP (Management of Portfolios) if you want to advance to those levels.
If you are outside of the UK public sector, these are still good courses if you want to develop your skills, but don't expect them to necessarily have an impact on your salary.
You should if you:
You should not if you:
The PMI has just started t wrap Agile into its core PMP qualification. Axelos has released PRINCE2 Agile. It's hard to see that APM will not follow soon. And PMI also has its own PMI-ACP Agile Certified Practitioner qualification.
There are other qualifications too, like the APMG-International AgilePM® certification. This is aimed at Project Managers who want to combine the flexibility of an Agile approach with more familiar project delivery approaches. It also integrates well, into a PRINCE2 project environment.
The most widely used Agile methodology is Scrum. And the most popular qualification is Certified Scrum Master (CSM). It just needs a two-day course and a 35-question multiple choice exam.
The mood is moving. Therefore, it's important for many project managers outside of the IT sector to learn about Agile principles and methods. Business projects increasingly make explicit use of Agile ideas. If you are in the IT sector, it is a must.
Why you should consider an Agile qualification:
Why you need not consider an Agile qualification:
We'd love to hear from you. Do you have one a Project Management qualification? Or have you chosen not to? What are your questions?
Please contribute below, and we'll respond to every comment.
My thanks are due to Linda Ottmann of the International Association of Project Managers. Linda sought me out and offered to help ensure that I have properly represented the IAPM's offerings, for which I am very grateful.
If representatives of other professional associations would like to do the same, I'll be very open to your help.
Dr Mike Clayton is one of the most successful and in-demand project management trainers in the UK. He is author of 13 best-selling books, including four about project management. He is also a prolific blogger and contributor to ProjectManager.com and Project, the journal of the Association for Project Management. Between 1990 and 2002, Mike was a successful project manager, leading large project teams and delivering complex projects. In 2016, Mike launched OnlinePMCourses.
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