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The PMI Talent Triangle: A Guide [for members and non-members]

The PMI Talent Triangle - A Guide

The PMI Talent TriangleⓇ is a simple tool that reminds us all about the value of a broad range of professional skills. It is all too easy to settle for excellent technical skills and think ‘that’s it. I have project management nailed.’

Not at all. All of the professional bodies and providers of general project management qualifications recognize that this is far from the truth. A fully capable project manager needs a wide range of personal and professional skills outside of the realms of their technical project management competence.

The most succinct – and possibly best known – articulation of that full range of capabilities is the PMI’s Project Management Talent Triangle.

Just a Moment… Who or What is the PMI?

If you don’t know who or what the Project Management Institute (PMI) is, take a look at this video before reading on.

Why Did the PMI Introduce the Talent Triangle?

The PMI Talent Triangle - A GuideWe are big fans of the PMI’s annual ‘Pulse of the Profession’ reports. Take a look at our reviews of the last three (2016, 2017, 2018). It’s 2013 report, ‘The High Cost of Low Performance’ led to some big conclusions, and a number of in-depth reports that included:

In Navigating Complexity, PMI concluded that, while technical skills are core to project and program management, they are not enough in our increasingly ambiguous, complex, and competitive world. Employers also need business acumen and skills in leadership. These are competencies that can not only support organization’s strategic needs, but can also enhance our employability and long-term career progression.

We have to be versatile. Excellence in one skill is not enough. The PMI’s Talent Triangle articulates the skills a modern project manager needs to deliver projects and to contribute to the leadership of their organizations.

PMI picked this up again, in their report, ‘Project Management Job Growth and Talent Gap 2017–2027‘. Here, PMI refers to the three sides of the PMI Talent Triangle as a ‘necessary mix of competencies’. The report finds a high demand for practitioners that have this mix.

What is the Talent Triangle?

The PMI Talent Triangle defines three areas for continuing education for holders of all PMI certifications. It is not a central feature of gaining the qualifications themselves.

In 2015, the PMI introduced its Talent Triangle. Since 1 December that year, PMP members who want to maintain their PMP or CAPM qualifications need to earn Professional Development Units (PDUs) across its three dimensions. PMI gives each of the three aspects of the PMI Talent Triangle an equal weighting.

PMI Talent Triangle

PMI Talent Triangle
The PMI Talent TriangleⓇ and this image are ©PMI

The three dimensions are:

  1. Technical Project Management
  2. Leadership
  3. Strategic and Business Management

We will look at each of these in turn. We’ll see what the PMI includes in them, and how they are important for project managers, whether you are a certificated PMI member or not.

PMI’s PDUs make up its Continuing Certification Requirements (CCRs), which other organizations refer to as Continuing Professional Development (CPD).

More about the PMI’s PDUs

All PMI certifications need you to renew them after a defined period. You can learn more about their PMP and CAPM qualifications in our companion article.

PMI allows its members to self-certify that they have earned Professional Development Units (PDUs) that arise from your continuing education or by giving back to the profession.

For example, PMP certification

  • You need to earn 60 PDUs every 3 years, to maintain your PMP certification. For one hour of learning or giving back, you can claim 1 PDU.
  • These 60 PDUs are split into 35 for Education and 25 for Giving back, which includes working, volunteering, and creating content.
  • Of your 35 education PDUs, you will need to earn a minimum of 8 PDUs in each of the three Talent Triangle competency areas (and therefore, a maximum of 19 in any one).

The PMI publishes a very clear description of all this, on its website. Whichever of its many qualifications you hold, this page will tell you what you need to know about PMI’s Continuing Certification Requirements.

You may also like our article:

Talent Triangle - Minimum Education PDU Requirements

Talent Triangle – Minimum Education PDU Requirements

How we can Help You with PMP and CAPM

PMP® and CAPM® Exam Preparation

We offer everything you need to learn the PMBOK® Guide and be prepared to take the PMP or CAPM exam. This course is formally approved by the PMI as a PMP or CAPM preparation course and you can use it to satisfy the prerequisite for either of those exams.

Find out more about our PMP and CAPM Exam Preparation program.

To find out more about taking PMP, we have a complete review of the PMP Certification: PMP Certification: What you need to Know.

If you decide to prepare for your PMP, we can help further. We have a Project Manager’s PMP Exam Prep Guide, in two editions: Free and Premium.

PMI Talent Triangle - Technical Project Management

Technical Project Management

Technical Project Management Skills are the skills you need to apply your project management knowledge in an effective way. They are, principally, the subject of PMI’s various qualifications. They therefore cover the different domains of project, program, and portfolio management.

PMI articulates them in its Practice Standards and the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK).

The PMBoK 6th Edition

The PMBoK 6th Edition highlights the following Technical Project Management Skills:

  • The artifacts that project managers need to produce for each project you manage, such as:
    • Schedule
    • Issue Logs
    • Financial Reports
  • Tailoring traditional (predictive) and agile tools and methods
  • Planning and prioritizing
  • Managing project components like:
    • Schedule
    • Budget
    • Resources
    • Risk

Beyond Book-learning

You need to supplement yr project management knowledge with two things:

  1. Real world experience of delivering projects
    You need to be able to apply your structured knowledge in practical situations.
  2. Technical skills in areas related to the types of projects you work on
    For example, if you work in construction project management, trades skills will fit into this competency area, if they help make you a better manager of these types of projects

The PMI’s Summary of Technical Project Management Expertise

The PMI produces a handy one-page summary of the Talent Triangle. Here, they list their examples of technical project management expertise:

  • Agile practices
  • Data gathering and management
  • Earned value management
  • Governance (project, program, portfolio)
  • Lifecycle management (project, program, portfolio, product)
  • Performance Management (project, program, portfolio)
  • Requirements management and traceability
  • Risk management
  • Schedule management
  • Scope management (project, program, portfolio, product)
  • Time, budget, and cost estimation
The PMI Project Management Talent Triangle - Technical Project Management

The PMI Project Management Talent Triangle – Technical Project Management

What Courses does OnlinePMCourses offer?

As you would expect, we offer plenty of project management training that will give you PDUs under the Technical Project Management category.

PMI Talent Triangle - Leadership


Leadership – in the context of project management – is about motivating, directing, and supporting your project team. Of the three project management competency areas, PMBoK 6th edition gives more space to this than the other two together, where it discusses the Talent Triangle.

The competency area covers:

  • Getting the best from the people around you
  • Developing them so they can achieve their goals
  • Influencing and political acumen

Our Articles about Leadership

Project Leadership is a huge topic, about which we have written a lot of articles. Some of the best include:

The PMI’s Summary of Leadership

A big part of leadership is also around negotiation, persuasion, and political acumen. The PMI’s handy one-page summary of the Talent Triangle includes them in its list of examples of leadership:

  • Brainstorming
  • Coaching and mentoring
  • Conflict management
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Influencing
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Listening
  • Negotiation
  • Problem-solving
  • Team building
The PMI Project Management Talent Triangle - Leadership

The PMI Project Management Talent Triangle – PMI’s examples of capabilities in the Leadership competence

What Courses does OnlinePMCourses offer?

As you would expect, we offer plenty of project management training that will give you PDUs under the Leadership category.

PMI Talent Triangle - Strategic & Business Management

Strategic and Business Management

The Strategic and Business Management competency area is all about your high-level understanding of your organization, and its place in its wider community. The sort of skills you’ll need as a project manager include business analysis, strategic-level planning, and decision making.

It’s this competency area that will best fit you for promotion to program and portfolio management or to wider business roles. It’s here that you learn the skills that will let you see beyond the parochial concerns of your project. You’ll need these skills to interact effectively with some of the operational and support functions, like sales, R&D, production, and marketing.

It also takes you beyond the concerns of your own organization, into your wider industry sector. This is essential if you are to play a leadership role within your business.

The PMBoK articulation of this Competency

In discussing the Talent Triangle, PMBoK emphasizes three business-oriented skills you’ll need, to fit your project into the mission and strategy of your organization:

  1. Explaining the business aspects of your project
  2. Working with project stakeholders to create a strategy for delivering your products into the organization
  3. Implementing your project strategy in a way that maximizes the value of your project to your business

The PMI’s Examples of Relevant Skills

In the PMI’s one-page summary of the Talent Triangle, the examples of strategy and business management expertise are:

  • Benefits management and realization
  • Business acumen
  • Business models and structures
  • Competitive analysis
  • Customer relationship and satisfaction
  • Industry knowledge and standards
  • Legal and regulatory compliance
  • Market awareness and conditions
  • Operational functions (e.g. finance, marketing)
  • Strategic planning, analysis, and alignment
The PMI Project Management Talent Triangle - Strategy and Business Management

The PMI Project Management Talent Triangle – PMI’s examples of capabilities in the Strategy and Business Management competence

What Courses does OnlinePMCourses offer?

Once again, we offer plenty of project management training that will give you PDUs under the Strategy and Business Management category.

What the PMI Talent Triangle Means to You, as a Project Manager

Clearly, if you are a PMI member and are working to retain your certification in one or more of its qualifications, the Talent Triangle will be important to you.

But, beyond that, I believe it is a hugely important idea for all project managers. It reminds you of the focus you need to place on developing a broad spread of additional skills.

You will need these to meet the evolving demands of the Project Management profession. And you will need them to stay relevant, and progress in your career.

In pursuing the broadest scope of personal professional development, you’l find new opportunities to extend your value to your organization. And, if they fail to recognize that, there will be plenty of others that will.

What is Your experience of thePMI Talent Triangle?

The PMI’s use of its Talent Triangle in its Continuing Certification Requirements is three years old in a few weeks. We’d love to hear about your experiences of gaining PDUs, your ideas, and your questions. Please leave them in the comments below.

About the Author Mike Clayton

Dr Mike Clayton is one of the most successful and in-demand project management trainers in the UK. He is author of 14 best-selling books, including four about project management. He is also a prolific blogger and contributor to and Project, the journal of the Association for Project Management. Between 1990 and 2002, Mike was a successful project manager, leading large project teams and delivering complex projects. In 2016, Mike launched OnlinePMCourses.

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